Cabral, Pedro Álvares

(1467?-1520?)
   Portuguese nobleman whose fleet discovered Brazil for Portugal in 1500. Born in Belmonte, Portugal, Cabral was a fidalgo in the court of King João II, and he married a niece of the conquistador Afonso de Albuquerque. Except for his nobility, it is not known why King Manuel I selected Cabral to command a fleet to voyage to Portuguese India to follow up Vasco da Gama's pioneering journey. Cabral's fleet contained 13 ships and as many as 1,500 crew members, and departed the Tagus River on 9 March 1500. The fleet's pilots and mariners executed the voyage skillfully, with the intention of reaching India directly, but winds and currents carried them farther west than was intended and, on 22 April 1500, they sighted land and later named the country the land of "Vera Cruz" (the True Cross), followed by "Santa Cruz" (Holy Cross), and finally "Brazil," after the wood that was the country's first main product. Cabral landed and claimed the land for Portugal. Much of the detail of this discovery is described in a celebrated account of Pedro Vaz da Caminha. Cabral's fleet continued to Calicut, India, where the Portuguese began to carve out a commercial empire by means of war, alliance, and trade. He returned to Portugal, his ships laden with Asian wealth. Cabral refused to accept the command of another India fleet in 1502 and apparently did not venture to sea again. His tomb is in the Church of Graça, Santarém.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cabral, Pedro Álvares — born 1467/68, Belmonte, Port. died 1520, Santarém? Portuguese navigator credited with the discovery of Brazil. A nobleman, Cabral long enjoyed the favour of Manuel I of Portugal, who in 1500 sent him and 13 ships on the second Portuguese voyage… …   Universalium

  • Cabral,Pedro Alvares — Ca·bral (kə brälʹ, brôlʹ), Pedro Alvares. 1467? 1520?. Portuguese explorer who discovered Brazil (1500) and claimed it for Portugal. * * * …   Universalium

  • Cabral, Pedro Álvares — (1467/68, Belmonte, Portugal–1520, ¿Santarém?). Navegante portugués a quien se le atribuye el descubrimiento de Brasil. De origen noble, gozó prolongadamente del favor de Manuel I de Portugal, quien en 1500 le envió con 13 barcos en la segunda… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pedro Alvares Cabral — Pedro Álvares Cabral (* um 1467 wahrscheinlich in Belmonte; † um 1526 in Santarém) ist ein portugiesischer Seefahrer und gilt als einer der Entdecker Brasiliens. Leben Über Pedro Álvare …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pedro Álvares Cabral — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alvares. Pedro A. Cabral. Pedro Álvares Cabral, né à Belmonte en 1467 ou 1468) et mort à Sa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pedro Álvares Cabral — (* um 1467 wahrscheinlich in Belmonte; † um 1526 in Santarém) war ein portugiesischer Seefahrer und gilt als einer der Entdecker Brasiliens. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Zeitgenössische Berichte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pedro Álvares Cabral — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pedro Álvares Cabral (Belmonte, 1467/1468 Santarém, 1520/1526) fue un hidalgo y navegante portugués, proveniente de una familia noble de la localidad de Santarém. Fue nom …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pedro Álvares Cabral — (about 1467/1468/1469 ndash; about 1520; pronounced|ˈpeðɾʊ ˈaɫvɐɾɨʃ kɐˈβɾaɫ in Portuguese, IPA| [ˈpedɾu ˈawvaɾiʃ caˈbɾaw] in Brazilian) was a Portuguese navigator and explorer. Cabral is generally regarded as the European discoverer of Brazil (22 …   Wikipedia

  • Pedro Alvares Cabral — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alvares. Pedro Álvares Cabral (ou Pedr Alvarés Cabral), fils d un noble portugais, (Belmonte en 1467 mort à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pedro Álvares Cabral — El almirante Pedro Álvares Cabral fue un navegante portugués, proveniente de una familia noble de la localidad de Santarém. Fue nombrado almirante por el rey Manuel I de Portugal, quien lo puso al mando de una expedición comercial a la India. Se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.